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返回MTR目录 | 第二章 - 比赛的各项机制

MTR 1. 比赛基本要素 Tournament Fundamentals

MTR 1.1 Tournament Types 比赛种类

Sanctioned, rated tournaments are divided into two types: Premier and non-Premier. Premier tournaments are run by Wizards of the Coast or select Tournament Organizers. They have unique names and features. Non-Premier tournaments are tournaments that are not explicitly Premier.
受认证的积分赛可分为两种类型:重要比赛及非重要比赛。「重要比赛」系指由威世智公司或指定的比赛主办人承办的比赛,具有独特的名称和制度。「非重要比赛」系指未明确标识为「重要比赛」的其他比赛。

There are two major tournament formats: Limited and Constructed. Each has rules specific to its format. In Limited tournaments, all product for play is provided during the tournament. In Constructed tournaments, players compete using decks prepared beforehand. Some Premier tournaments may consist of multiple formats within the same tournament.
主要的赛制有两种——限制赛和构组赛。每个赛制都有自身特有的规则。在限制比赛中,用于进行比赛的所有产品都是在比赛过程中提供。在构组比赛中,牌手使用赛前所准备好的套牌来参赛。一些重要比赛可能会在同一场比赛中包含多种赛制。

MTR 1.2 Publishing Tournament Information 比赛信息的发布

Wizards of the Coast reserves the right to publish DCI-sanctioned tournament information at any time (including during the tournament). Tournament information includes, but is not limited to, the contents of one or more players' decks, descriptions of strategies or play, transcripts, and video reproductions. Tournament Organizers are also allowed to publish this information once their tournament is complete.
威世智公司保留随时发布DCI认证的比赛信息之权利(「随时」包含比赛进行当中的时段)。「比赛信息」包括,但不限于:一位或更多牌手的套牌之内容;战术或打法的描述;对局记录;以及视频记录。比赛主办人在其比赛结束后,亦能发布此类信息。

Wizards of the Coast reserves the right to publish penalty and suspension information.
威世智公司保留发布处罚及停权信息之权利。

MTR 1.3 Tournament Roles 比赛职责

The following roles are defined for tournament purposes:
依比赛的角度,定义比赛相关职责如下:
• Tournament Organizer 比赛主办人
• Head Judge 主审
• Floor Judge 巡场裁判
• Scorekeeper 记分员
• Player 牌手
• Spectator 旁观者

The first four roles above are considered tournament officials. The Head Judge and floor judges are collectively considered judges. A single individual may act in any combination of tournament official roles. Individuals who are not judges at a tournament are spectators in any match in which they are not playing. Members of the press are also considered spectators.
上述职责中,前四者视为比赛工作人员。主审和巡场裁判统称「裁判」。数种不同的职责可以由同一位人士来兼任。在比赛中,不担任裁判的个人于其不参与的对局中视作旁观者。媒体记者亦视作旁观者。

MTR 1.4 Participation Eligibility 参赛资格

Anyone is eligible to participate as a player in a DCI-sanctioned tournament except for:
任何人都有资格以牌手身份参加DCI认证的积分赛,但以下除外:
• Individuals currently suspended by the DCI. The current DCI suspended player list is located at http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=dci/suspended. Individuals currently suspended from the DCI may not act as tournament officials;
• 目前被DCI所停权者。当前DCI停权牌手列表可于此处获得:http://www.wizards.com/default.asp?x=dci/suspended。目前为DCI所停权者不得担当比赛工作人员;
• Other individuals specifically prohibited from participation by DCI or Wizards of the Coast policy (such determination is at Wizards of the Coast’s sole discretion);
• 其他被DCI或威世智公司的方针明令禁止参赛者(此类决定为威世智公司的单方判断);
• Individuals thirteen (13) years of age and younger who do not have their parent/guardians’ permission;
• 年龄十三(13)岁以下(含13岁),且未获父母/监护人许可者;
• Anyone prohibited by federal, state, or local laws, the rules of the Tournament Organizer, or by a venue’s management.
• 被联邦、州或当地法律、比赛主办人制订的规则或比赛场馆之管理规定禁止参赛者。
• Tournament Organizers may choose to age restrict any Regular REL events that they organize. They must clearly indicate this in their marketing for the event on the Store and Event Locator description as well as any other place they display the event information. (i.e. Tournament Organizers may advertise an age 16 and under Friday Night Magic).
• 比赛主办人可针对其主办的一般级别执法严格度赛事设置年龄限制。它们必须在店内为此活动进行的营销宣传、「Event Locator」上的说明以及其他显示赛事信息的场合清楚标明此限制。(即,比赛主办人可以宣传仅限16岁以下人士参加的周五认证赛。)

Anyone is eligible to participate as a tournament official (Tournament Organizer, Head Judge, floor judge or Scorekeeper) for a tournament except for:
任何人都有资格担任比赛工作人员之职务(比赛主办人、主审、巡场裁判或是记分员),但以下除外:
• Individuals currently suspended by the DCI;
• 目前被DCI所停权者;
• Anyone who has played in the tournament, unless it is a tournament that explicitly allows tournament officials to play while acting as a tournament official.
• 当前比赛的参赛者;明确允许比赛工作人员在行使职责的同时参与比赛之比赛不在此限。

Tournament officials may play in a DCI-sanctioned, rated tournament for which they are a tournament official if (and only if) the tournament is of the following types:
在DCI认证比赛中担任职务的工作人员不得参加该场比赛,但当(且仅当)该场比赛属于下列类别的比赛时,不在此限:
• Friday Night Magic 周五认证赛
• Prerelease 售前赛
• Standard Showdown/标准赛对决
• Store Championship/店家冠军赛
• Other non-Premier Magic Tournaments 其他的万智牌非重要比赛
• Tournaments in which the official Wizards of the Coast tournament fact sheet specifically permits officials of that tournament to play 在正式的威世智比赛说明文档上特别注明该场比赛之工作人员亦可参赛的比赛

If one or more tournament officials play in the tournament, it must be run at Regular Rules Enforcement Level. If tournament officials play in the tournament and the tournament is not one of the allowed types listed above, the tournament will be invalidated. Tournament officials are required to officiate tournaments fairly and without regard to their own self-interest.
若某场比赛有比赛工作人员参加,则该比赛必须以一般级别的执法严格度来举行。若比赛工作人员参加不在上述许可列表当中的比赛,则该场比赛无效。比赛工作人员及职员行使职责时,必须保证公平公正、不含私心。

The owners of organizations that run Premier Events are not permitted to play in those tournaments, even if the owner is not listed as a tournament official (organizer, judge, and/or scorekeeper) for that tournament.
举办重要比赛之组织的负责人不得参加此类比赛,即使此负责人不属于当场比赛的工作人员(主办人、裁判,和/或记分员),也需遵循此限制。

Premier Events include the following tournaments: Magic: The Gathering World Championship, World Magic Cup, Nationals, Nationals Last Chance Qualifiers, Pro Tour, Regional Pro Tour Qualifiers, Regional Last Chance Qualifiers, Preliminary Pro Tour Qualifiers, Pro Tour Qualifiers, Grand Prix, Grand Prix Trials, WPN Premium Tournaments, and WPN Premium Qualifiers.
下列比赛属于重要比赛:万智牌世界冠军赛、万智牌世界杯、国家冠军赛、国冠最后机会资格赛、专业赛、区域专业资格赛、区域最后机会资格赛、预选专业资格赛、大奖赛、专业资格赛、大奖预选赛、WPN顶级比赛、WPN顶级资格赛。

Some tournaments have additional criteria regarding player and tournament official eligibility (e.g. invitation-only tournaments, such as Pro Tour tournaments).
某些比赛在参赛者资格或是担任比赛工作人员方面具有额外的限制条件(如专业赛等只对受邀牌手开放的比赛)。

The Premier Event Invitation Policy defines specific eligibility rules with regards to certain types of invitation-only Premier Tournaments (e.g. Pro Tours).
针对某些只对受邀牌手开放的比赛(如专业赛),《重要比赛邀请方针》中规定了如何获取资格的规则。

Individuals with questions regarding their tournament eligibility should contact the DCI policy manager (Scott.Larabee@wizards.com).
对自己的参赛资格有疑义者,请与DCI政策经理联系(Scott.Larabee@wizards.com)。

MTR 1.5 DCI Membership Number DCI会员编号

Tournament participants must provide their DCI number to the Scorekeeper during registration. Players without a DCI number should obtain one from https://accounts.wizards.com/ before attending an event. If a player does not obtain a DCI number before the event, the Tournament Organizer of the event can provide one. Players are only allowed one DCI membership number, and players with multiple DCI numbers should contact Wizards of the Coast to have the information for two or more DCI numbers combined. Results containing temporary player numbers, temporary player names, or placeholders should not be reported to the DCI.
在比赛注册过程中,参赛者必须向记分员提供DCI号码以注册参赛。 没有DCI号码的牌手应在参赛前访问 https://accounts.wizards.com/申请。如果牌手未在赛事前获得DCI号码,赛事的比赛主办人也可为该牌手提供。每位牌手只允许拥有一个DCI号码,拥有多个DCI号码的牌手应联系威世智了解如何合并号码。 若比赛结果中包含有临时牌手编号,临时牌手姓名,或占位符号,则此类比赛结果不得上报给DCI。

MTR 1.6 Tournament Organizer 比赛主办人

The Tournament Organizer of a tournament is responsible for all tournament logistics including:
比赛主办人负责所有的比赛后勤工作,包括:

• Securing a sanctioning number from the DCI.
• 从DCI处获取认证编号。
• Providing a site for the tournament that meets the tournament’s expected needs.
• 为比赛提供满足需求的场所。
• Advertising the tournament in advance of the tournament date.
• 在比赛日前宣传本次比赛。
• Staffing the tournament with appropriate tournament officials.
• 为比赛找到合适的工作人员。
• Providing all materials necessary to operate the tournament (e.g. product for Limited format tournaments).
• 提供所有用来举办该比赛的道具(如:用于限制赛的产品)。
• Reporting the tournament results to the DCI.
• 将比赛结果上报给DCI。
• Saving match result slips from each tournament for a period of 6 months (to aid in match appeals).
• 将每场比赛的记分条保留6个月的时间(以协助处理比赛申述)。

MTR 1.7 Head Judge 主审

Sanctioned tournaments require the physical presence of a Head Judge during play to adjudicate disputes, interpret rules, and make other official decisions. The Head Judge is the final judicial authority at any DCI-sanctioned tournament and all tournament participants are expected to follow his or her interpretations. Although it is beneficial, the Head Judge does not have to be certified.
认证的比赛在进行时需要一位主审在场裁决争议、解释规则,及做出其他正式的决定。在所有的DCI认证赛中,主审都拥有最终裁判权,所有的参赛者都应当遵从主审的指示。虽然由认证裁判担任主审为佳,但担任主审者不需具备认证资格。

The Head Judge’s responsibilities include: 主审的责任包括:

• Ensuring that all necessary steps are taken to deal with game or policy rule violations that he or she notices or are brought to his or her attention.
• 确保在处理他所知或被告知的违规举动(无论是游戏规则还是方针方面的规定)时采用了所有必要的处理步骤。
• Issuing the final ruling in all appeals, potentially overturning the ruling of a floor judge.
• 做出申述的最终裁定,主审可推翻巡场裁判所做出的裁定。
• Coordinating and delegating tasks to floor judges as needed.
• 协调巡场裁判之工作,并可以在需要时委之以相应的任务。

If necessary, the Head Judge may temporarily transfer his or her duties to any judge if he or she is unable to fulfill them for a period of time. Also, in exceptional circumstances, if the tournament’s integrity would be damaged otherwise, the Tournament Organizer may replace the Head Judge.
若有需要,当主审无法履行自身职责时,可将此职务临时转交给其他裁判来履行。此外,在比赛的严肃性可能受到损害的特殊场合,比赛主办者可更换主审。

Certain Premier tournaments have multiple Head Judges and/or different Head Judges for different portions of the tournament. All Head Judges share the same responsibilities and exercise the same authority while they are serving as a Head Judge.
某些重要比赛会出现拥有多个主审和/或在竞赛的不同阶段由不同的人来担任主审的情况。所有的主审共同承担同一份责任,且在分别行使主审职务时具有同样至高无上的权威。

MTR 1.8 Floor Judges 巡场裁判

Floor judges are available to players and spectators to answer questions, deal with illegal plays, or assist with reasonable requests. They do not have to be certified.
对牌手和旁观者而言,他们可向巡场裁判获取自身疑问的解答,召唤巡场裁判来处理非法动作,或请求巡场裁判协助自己完成合理的请求。此类裁判并不需要经过DCI之认证。

Judges will not generally assist players in determining the current game state but can answer questions about the rules, interactions between cards, or provide the Oracle™ wordings of relevant cards. At Regular Rules Enforcement Level, the judge may assist the player in understanding the game state in the interest of education. If a player wishes to ask his or her question away from the table, the request will usually be honored. Players may not request specific judges to answer their calls, but may request a tournament official to help translate. This request may be honored at the discretion of the original judge. 总体而言,裁判不会协助牌手对当前游戏的场面做出判断,但会就下列这些问题做出回答:规则、牌张之间的互动,或是相关卡牌的Oracle(万智牌的牌张参考资料库)叙述。 在执法严格度为一般级别的情况下,为了进行教学推广,裁判也可协助牌手对当前的游戏局面做出判断。 牌手可请求在远离游戏的场所对裁判进行提问,此类请求通常会予以执行。 牌手在呼叫裁判时,不得要求由某一名特定的裁判来响应此次呼叫,但可以请求比赛工作人员来协助翻译。经原裁判斟酌,此请求可予以执行。

Judges do not intervene in a game to prevent illegal actions, but do intervene as soon as a rule has been broken or to prevent a situation from escalating.
裁判不得在非法行动尚未发生时就中止比赛以防止其发生;但在已经发生违规行为,或是为了防止局势发生恶化的情形下,裁判应尽快介入比赛。

MTR 1.9 Scorekeeper 记分员

The Scorekeeper ensures the correct generation of pairings and all other tournament records throughout the tournament. The Scorekeeper’s responsibilities include:
记分员须确保在比赛整个过程当中生成的对局配对和其他比赛记录文档都正确无误。 记分员的责任包括:

• Generating correct pairings each round and accurately entering the results of those rounds.
• 为每局对局生成正确的对局配对并准确地输入该局对局的比赛结果。
• Generating standings for posting before and after the final Swiss round. Other rounds may also be posted at the Head Judge’s discretion.
• 在最后一局瑞士式对局开始之前及结束之后生成供张贴使用的排名。经主审斟酌,也可以在其他局次中张贴排名。
• Solving all scorekeeping problems that arise in consultation with the Head Judge.
• 在与主审协商后,解决所出现的一切记分问题。
• Making sure all necessary information is included in the tournament’s report to be submitted to the DCI.
• 确保在将要上报给DCI的比赛报告中包含有所有的必要信息。

The Head Judge has the final authority in determining corrective action for scorekeeping errors.
主审在确定如何对记分错误进行修正方面拥有最终决定权。

MTR 1.10 Players 牌手

Players are responsible for:
牌手的责任包括:

• Behaving in a respectful manner toward tournament officials, other tournament participants, and spectators and refraining from unsporting conduct at all times.
• 尊重比赛官员、其他参赛者以及旁观者,保持克制,任何时候都不得出现违反体育道德的行为。
• Maintaining a clear and legal game state.
• 保持对局状态清晰、合法。
• Complying with announced start times and time limits.
• 遵守宣告的开始时间以及时间限制。
• Calling attention to any rules or policy infraction they notice in their matches.
• 将在其对局中发现的违规举动(不论是游戏规则还是方针方面的规定)时提请他人注意。
• Bringing to a judge’s attention any offers of bribery, wagering, improper game result determination, and any discrepancies in their tournament match record.
• 发现有人提议贿赂、赌博、用不当方法决定结果,或是发现自己比赛对局记录有出入时告知裁判。
• Informing the DCI of any discrepancies in their overall match history, rankings, or Planeswalker Points as soon as they become aware of it. If players believe there is an anomaly in their match history, ranking, or Planeswalker Points they should refer to the Magic: The Gathering Event Appeals Policy, located at http://wpn.wizards.com/document/magic-event-appeals-policy.
• 在察觉自己的总对局历史记录、排名,或鹏洛客积分等方面有出入后,尽快告知DCI。如果牌手认为自己的对局历史记录、排名,或鹏洛客积分等方面出现异常,他们应参照《万智牌比赛申述方针》采取相应的对策,该文档可于此处找到:http://wpn.wizards.com/document/magic-event-appeals-policy。
• Having a single DCI membership number. Individuals holding more than one number must contact Wizards of the Coast Customer Service at http://www.wizards.com/customerservice so that their numbers can be merged.
• 只保有一个DCI会员编号。持有多于一个会员编号之人士须于http://www.wizards.com/customerservice此处与威世智客户服务部门取得联系,以使在同一人名下的多个号码得以合并。
• Refraining from enrolling in tournaments they are not allowed by policy to participate in (e.g. the winner of a Magic: The Gathering Preliminary Pro Tour Qualifier is barred from playing in further Preliminary Pro Tour Qualifiers that season).
• 不报名参加相应方针禁止其参加的比赛(例如,已获得某场万智牌专业资格赛优胜的牌手不得参加同一专业赛季中的其他专业资格赛)。
• Being familiar with the rules contained within this document.
• 熟识本文档中包含的规则。
• Being physically present for the tournament. Players are not permitted to register for a tournament solely to collect participation Planeswalker Points.
• 亲自到场参加比赛。牌手不得仅以获取鹏洛客积分参赛分数为目的而报名比赛但不参加。

A player must bring the following items to a tournament in order to participate:
牌手须齐备下列所述各物品以参加比赛:

• A physical, visible, and reliable method to maintain and record game information (tokens, score counters, pen and paper, and so on).
• 具体的、可辨识的、可靠的方式,以维持和记录游戏信息(衍生物,记分器,纸笔,等等)。
• A valid DCI membership number registered in the participant’s name. New players may register for DCI membership when enrolling in the tournament.
• 由参赛者本人姓名注册的、合法的DCI会员编号。新牌手可于报名参赛的时候申请DCI会员资格。
• Any materials specifically required for a particular tournament format, such as assembled decks and/or decklists for constructed tournaments.
• 某些特定赛制所明定的其他必需物品,如构组赛中需要的已构组好的套牌和/或套牌登记表。

Players retain their responsibilities even if a judge provides them with extra assistance.
在裁判提供了额外协助的情况下牌手也须履行好上述责任。

The individual members of a team are considered players, and are equally responsible for required tournament procedures, such as accurately filling out their match result slips. Players are only responsible for the games they play themselves and not separate games being played by their teammates, but are expected to point out rules violations they observe in their teammates’ matches.
一个团队的每一位队员都算作一位牌手,因此也需要为必要的比赛过程承担同等的责任,例如准确填写他们对局的成绩条。每位牌手只需为他们自己所参与的对局负责,而不需为他们同队队员所参与的其他对局承担责任,但在发现队友对局中出现违反规则情事时,应予以指出。

Players who do not fulfill their responsibilities may be subject to penalties and review by the DCI. Wizards of the Coast and the DCI reserve the right to suspend or revoke a player’s membership without prior notice for any reason they deem necessary.
未能确实达成以上责任的牌手可能会受到相应的处罚,并由DCI进行复核。只要威世智与DCI认定有此必要,则不论是否预先通知,均保留将玩家停权乃至取消会员资格的权利。

MTR 1.11 Spectators 旁观者

Any person physically present at a tournament and not in any other category above is a spectator. Spectators are responsible for remaining silent and passive during matches and other official tournament sections in which players are also required to be silent. If spectators believe they have observed a rules or policy violation, they are encouraged to alert a judge as soon as possible. At Regular or Competitive Rules Enforcement Level, spectators are permitted to ask the players to pause the match while they alert a judge. At Professional Rules Enforcement Level, spectators who are not members of the official coverage team must not interfere with the match directly.
亲临比赛,但并不属于上述任一职能分类之人员便属于旁观者。在对局过程中及参加比赛之牌手亦须保持安静的正式比赛部分当中,旁观者得保持噤声,不主动与他人进行沟通。 若旁观者认为自己发现了违反游戏规则或比赛方针的举动,鼓励其尽快提请裁判注意。在「一般」或「竞争」级别的比赛中,允许旁观者请求牌手在其寻找裁判期间暂停对局的进行。在「专业」级别的比赛中,不属于正式报导团队之旁观者不得直接干预对局。

Players may request that a spectator not observe their matches. Such requests must be made through a judge. Tournament officials may also instruct a spectator not observe a match or matches.
牌手可以要求旁观者停止观看自己的对局。所有类似的要求必须通过裁判提出。比赛工作人员同样也可要求旁观者停止观看对局或比赛。

MTR 1.12 Rules Enforcement Levels 执法严格度

Rules Enforcement Levels (REL) are a means to communicate to the players and judges what expectations they can have of the tournament in terms of rigidity of rules enforcement, technically correct play, and procedures used.
执法严格度的用途,是让牌手和裁判对于此比赛的规则执法严厉与否、正确进行游戏的水准以及使用的程序,能够先有所预期。

The Rules Enforcement Level of a tournament generally reflects the prizes awarded and the distance a player may be expected to travel.
比赛的执法严格度通常应该配合所提供的奖品,以及牌手为参赛所可能花费的路程来增加。

The appropriate Rules Enforcement Level for specific programs is listed in Appendix F.
具体比赛计划对应的REL于附录F中列出。

Regular 一般级别

Regular tournaments are focused on fun and social aspects, not enforcement. Most tournaments are run at this level unless they offer sizeable prizes or invitations. Players are expected to know most of the game rules, may have heard of policy and what is “really bad,” but generally play in a fashion similar to the way they do casually. Players are still responsible for following the rules, but the focus is on education and sportsmanship over technically precise play. Infractions in these tournaments are covered by the Judging at Regular Rules Enforcement Level document, located at http://wpn.wizards.com/document/magic-gathering-judging-regular-rel.
一般的比赛主要是为了娱乐和社交,而非铁面无私。大部分的比赛都是采用这个等级,除非比赛提供了一定程度的奖品或是邀请资格。对牌手的期待是应该知道大部分的游戏规则,可能听过一些比赛政策或知道哪些事情「很不好」,但通常是以类似休闲娱乐的方式来比赛。牌手还是有责任去遵循规则,但所强调的主要在于教育性和运动道德,而不是技术上的精确无误。在此类比赛中处理牌手违规行为的细则,由《一般执法严格度下执法指南》此份文档详述,该文档可于此处获取:http://wpn.wizards.com/document/magic-gathering-judging-regular-rel。

Competitive 竞争级别

Competitive tournaments are usually those with significant cash prizes or invitations awarded to Professional tournaments. Players are expected to know the game’s rules and be familiar with the policies and procedures, but unintentional errors are not punished severely. These are tournaments that protect the interests of all players by providing tournament integrity while also recognizing that not all players are intimately familiar with Professional-level tournament structure, proper procedures, and rules. Infractions in these tournaments are covered by the Magic Infraction Procedure Guide, located at http://wpn.wizards.com/document/magic-infraction-procedure-guide.
竞争等级的比赛通常指有着高额奖金,或有专业比赛邀请资格的比赛。对牌手的要求是了解游戏规则并熟悉竞赛政策和流程,但是无意的失误不会导致严厉的处罚。为了保护所有牌手的乐趣,这类比赛要尽力维持一致性,也要了解并非所有牌手都十分清楚专业级比赛的架构、适当的流程,以及规则。在此类比赛中处理牌手违规行为的细则,由《万智牌违规处理方针》此份文档详述,该文档可于此处获取:http://wpn.wizards.com/document/magic-infraction-procedure-guide。

Professional 专业级别

Professional level tournaments offer large cash awards, prestige, and other benefits that draw players from great distances. These tournaments hold players to a higher standard of behavior and technically-correct play than Competitive tournaments. Infractions in these tournaments are covered by the Magic Infraction Procedure Guide, located at http://wpn.wizards.com/document/magic-infraction-procedure-guide.
专业级别的比赛会提供高额的奖金、声望和其他福利,吸引牌手不远千里而来。这些比赛和竞争等级的比赛比起来,更要求牌手具备高水准的行为和精确的游戏动作。在此类比赛中处理牌手违规行为的细则,由《万智牌违规处理方针》此份文档详述,该文档可于此处获取:http://wpn.wizards.com/document/magic-infraction-procedure-guide。