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本页面的其他翻译:

1.3. 随机化牌库 | 返回IPG目录 | 1.5. 牌叠

1.4 Backing Up 倒回

Some infractions in this document permit the judge to consider the possibility of a backup. Due to the amount of information that may become available to players and might affect their play, backups are regarded as a solution of last resort, only applied in situations where leaving the game in the current state is a substantially worse solution. A good backup will result in a situation where the gained information makes no difference and the line of play remains the same (excepting the error, which has been fixed). This means limiting backups to situations with minimal decision trees.
本文档中的某些违规允许裁判考虑进行倒回。 由于此举可能会向牌手透露信息,且牌手可能由此改变游戏行动,因此“倒回”应作为最后的处理手段,仅适用于“保留当前游戏状态反而结果更糟”的情形。 良好的倒回结果应是:双方牌手获得的信息与此前一致,游戏进行的过程没有区别(错误已被修正)。这意味着倒回仅适用于存在最小决策树之情形。

Only the Head Judge may authorize a backup. At large tournaments, they may choose to delegate this responsibility to Team Leaders.
只有主审可允许进行倒回。在大型比赛中,主审可委派领队承担此许可职责。

To perform a backup, each individual action since the point of the error is reversed, starting with the most recent ones and working backwards. Every action must be reversed; no parts of the sequence should be omitted or reordered. If the identity of a card involved in reversing an action is unknown to one of the players (usually because it was drawn), a random card is chosen from the possible candidates. Actions that caused a player to learn the identity of cards at a specific location in the library are reversed by shuffling those cards into the random portion of the library unless they were subsequently drawn; cards being returned to the library as part of the backup should not be shuffled at that stage if their identity was known to only one player.
执行倒回的流程如下:从最近的行动开始逐步回退,还原做过的所有行动,直到游戏来到发生失误的时间点为止。所有的行动都必须还原;不得省略或重排一连串行动当中的若干步骤。 如果在还原行动时,涉及到有牌手无法辨认之牌张(通常是因为该牌被抓上手),则从可能的牌张中随机选择一张。 让牌手得知某一张牌在牌库中具体位置的动作,除非是在之后抓起导致的,否则以将这些牌洗进牌库中随机部分的方式进行倒回;由于倒回而回到牌库的牌如果之前只有一位牌手知道内容,则在此步骤中不将它们洗牌。

Backups involving random/unknown elements should be approached with extreme caution, especially if they cause or threaten to cause a situation in which a player will end up with different cards than they would once they have correctly drawn those cards. For example, returning cards to the library when a player has the ability to shuffle their library is not something that should be done except in extreme situations.
涉及随机/未知元素之倒回应谨慎处之,在进行倒回会导致或极可能导致牌手最终手牌内容与正常完成抓牌动作之结果不同的情形下尤甚。举例来说,除极特殊情况外,在牌手能够将牌库洗牌的情况下,不应将牌放回牌库中。

Some remedies state a simple backup may be performed. A simple backup is backing up the last action completed (or one currently in progress) and is sometimes used to make another portion of the prescribed remedy smoother. A simple backup should not involve any random elements.
某些修正方式注明“可进行简易倒回”。简易倒回是指倒回最后完成(或正在执行)的一个游戏动作,有时用于保证列明之修正方式的其他部分能够顺利执行。 简易倒回不应涉及任何随机元素。