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第六章 - 构筑赛制规则 | 返回MTR目录 | 第八章 - 团队赛规则

MTR 7. 限制赛制规则

MTR 7.1 Deck Construction Restrictions 套牌构组限制

Limited decks must contain a minimum of forty cards. There is no maximum deck size. Any drafted or opened cards not used in a player’s Limited deck function as his or her sideboard.
限制赛制的套牌必须至少包含四十张牌。没有套牌张数上限为某一牌手轮抽到或者开得,但未在该牌手的限制赛套牌中使用牌都用作该牌手的备牌。

Players are not restricted to four of any one card in Limited tournament play.
在限制赛制的比赛中,牌手不受同一张牌只能放四张的限制。

MTR 7.2 Card Use in Limited Tournaments 限制赛中可用的牌

Cards must be received directly from tournament officials. This product must be new and previously unopened. Magic Tabletop Mythic Championship, Grand Prix, and World Championship tournaments may have had boosters opened in order to stamp them. Each player (or team) must be given exactly the same quantity and type of product as all other players participating in the tournament. For example, if one player receives three Magic Origins boosters for a booster draft, all other players must also receive three Magic Origins boosters.
牌手收到的牌都必须直接发放自比赛工作人员。此产品必须是全新的、且包装未被打开过。在实体万智牌传奇锦标赛、大奖赛及世界冠军赛中,所使用的补充包可能已事先拆封,以在其上盖好戳记。发给每位牌手(或团队)的产品之数量和种类,都必须与其他参加此场比赛的牌手所得到的相同。举例来说,如果在补充包轮抽时,发给了某位牌手三包万智牌:起源的补充包,则必须发给所有牌手三包万智牌:起源的补充包。

Only cards from the expansions of the boosters opened (and only cards opened or drafted in that player’s pool) may be used in a player’s deck. The following are exceptions to this rule:
只有属于比赛过程中打开之所有补充包系列的牌(以及只有在该牌手牌池中开到或轮抽的牌)才能在牌手的套牌当中使用。 此规则的例外情形如下:

  • Players may add an unlimited number of cards named Plains, Island, Swamp, Mountain, or Forest to their deck and sideboard. They may not add additional snow basic land cards (e.g. Snow-Covered Forest, etc) or Wastes basic land cards, even in formats in which they are legal.
  • 牌手可以将不限数量具有下列名称之牌张加入套牌及备牌中:平原/Plains、海岛/Island、沼泽/Swamp、山脉/Mountain、树林/Forest。牌手不得添加额外的雪境基本地牌(例如覆雪树林/Snow-Covered Forest这类)或荒野基本地牌,就算是在当前的赛制中这两类基本地牌属于可用牌也是一样。
  • Non-basic lands from the Return to Ravnica and Gatecrash expansions are allowed when opened in Dragon’s Maze boosters.
  • 从巨龙迷城补充包打开得到之来自再返拉尼卡与兵临古城这两个扩展系列的非基本地牌可以使用。
  • Non-basic lands from the Khans of Tarkir expansion are allowed when opened in Fate Reforged boosters.
  • 从龙命殊途补充包打开得到之来自鞑契可汗此扩展系列的非基本地牌可以使用。
  • Non-basic lands from the Zendikar Expeditions set are allowed when opened in Battle for Zendikar or Oath of the Gatewatch boosters.
  • 从再战赞迪卡或守护者誓约补充包打开得到之来自赞迪卡远探系列的非基本地牌可以使用。
  • Cards from a Masterpiece Series are allowed when opened in boosters associated with that series.
  • 从含有逸品重现牌张之相关系列打开的该类牌张可以使用。
  • Prerelease tournaments may feature additional exceptions. These will be announced as part of the Prerelease information.
  • 售前赛可能会有其他例外规定,此类规定会随着售前赛信息一同公布。

Players may ask a judge for permission to replace a card with another version of the same card.
牌手在征得裁判许可后,可用不同版本的同名牌替换牌池中的牌。

Because it was designed specifically for multiplayer play, the use of Conspiracy boosters in sanctioned, rated Limited-format tournaments (Sealed Deck and Booster Draft) is not permitted.
由于诡局此系列系专为多人游戏设计,因此不得在认证的竞技类限制赛制比赛(现开赛和补充包轮抽)中使用该产品之补充包。

Six boosters per player are recommended for individual format Sealed Deck tournaments and 3 boosters per player for individual Booster or Team Rochester Draft tournaments. For the recommended product mix for the current block, refer to Appendix D.
在此建议,进行个人现开赛时,发给每位牌手6包补充包;进行个人轮抽或团队罗彻斯特轮抽赛时,发给每位牌手3包补充包。关于当前环境下所推荐的产品构成,请参见附录 D。

If the Tournament Organizer allows players to provide their own product, that product must be pooled with the rest of the product for the tournament and randomly distributed.
如果比赛主办人允许由牌手自己提供产品来参赛,则该些产品必须与用于该次比赛的产品放在同一产品池内并随机分配给参赛牌手。

If the Tournament Organizer is not providing extra land cards for use in a Limited tournament, he or she must announce this before tournament registration. Tournament Organizers may require players to return these land cards when they leave the tournament. Players may use their own basic lands during tournaments.
如果比赛主办人不提供用于限制赛的基本地,则他必须在比赛报名前公告相关事宜。比赛主办人可以要求牌手在离开比赛的时候归还所用的基本地牌。牌手可以在比赛中使用自己拥有的基本地。

MTR 7.3 Continuous Construction 连续构组

Players participating in Limited tournaments that do not use decklists may freely change the composition of their decks between matches by exchanging cards from their deck for cards in their sideboard without being required to return their deck to its original composition before their next match. The Head Judge or Tournament Organizer must inform players if this option is not being used prior to the start of deck construction. This option is not available at Competitive or Professional Rules Enforcement Level tournaments.
参加无需提交套牌登记表的限制比赛之牌手可以在局与局之间,通过以套牌中的牌交换备牌中的牌之方式,自由地变更其套牌的组成,而不需要在其下一局比赛开始之前将其套牌组成恢复原样。如果主审或比赛主办人不想在比赛中使用此可选规则,则须在构组套牌之前将此决定告知所有牌手。此可选规则在执法严格度为竞争或专业级别的比赛中不可用。

MTR 7.4 Abnormal Product 异常产品

Neither Wizards of the Coast nor the Tournament Organizer guarantee any specific distribution of card rarities or frequency in a particular booster pack or tournament pack. If a player receives an unconventional distribution of rarities or frequencies in a particular booster pack or tournament pack, he or she must call a judge. The final decision to replace or allow the atypical product is at the discretion of the Head Judge and the Tournament Organizer.
威世智公司和比赛主办人皆无法保证在所有的补充包或比赛用牌产品中具有某种特定的稀有度或频率的分布。如果在牌手拿到的某个补充包或比赛用牌中具有不合常规的稀有度或频率的分布,该牌手必须立刻告知裁判。主审和比赛主办人协商后,做出更换或是允许此异常产品使用的最终决定。

MTR 7.5 Sealed Deck Pool Registration 登记现开套牌牌池

In Sealed Deck tournaments, the Head Judge may require players to perform a Sealed Deck pool registration procedure prior to deck construction:
在现开赛中,主审可要求牌手在进行套牌构组前进行登记现开套牌的流程:

• Each player is distributed the appropriate number of booster packs. The boosters should be marked in a way that distinguishes they came from the Tournament Organizer for that tournament.
• 每位牌手获得对应数量的补充包。补充包上应有明确记号,证明其属于比赛主办人为本次比赛所发之补充包。
• Players on one side of each table open their boosters (Player A). The player directly across (Player B) observes this. Both players will observe and verify the contents of those boosters. After this process, the opened cards are stacked face down in a single pile and placed near Player B.
• 同位于所有桌子某一侧的牌手打开手中的所有补充包(牌手 A)。坐于其正对面的牌手(牌手 B)查看此流程。双方牌手共同查看并核对补充包的内容。在此流程后,将开得的牌面朝下地放成一堆,并放在靠近牌手 B 的地方。
• Player B will now open their boosters. Player A observes. Both players will observe and verify the contents. After this process, the opened cards are stacked face down in a single pile and placed near Player A.
• 轮到由牌手B来打开补充包。牌手A查看。双方牌手共同查看并核对补充包的内容。在此流程后,将开得的牌面朝下地放成一堆,并放在靠近牌手A的地方。
• Player A then sorts and registers the contents of Player B's pool, and vice versa.
• 然后牌手A和牌手B各自整理并登记对方牌池的内容。
• After registration, each player returns the registered card pool to the player who originally opened the pool.
• 登记完成后,牌手将所登记的牌池还给原本开得此牌池的牌手。
• Players construct and record decks as normal.
• 牌手如常构组并登记套牌。

MTR 7.6 Draft Pod Assembly 轮抽组的分配

For Booster Draft and Team Rochester Draft tournaments, players assemble into random drafting circles (called pods) of roughly equal size at the direction of the Head Judge. Tournament officials then distribute identical sets of booster packs to each player.
在补充包轮抽及团队罗彻斯特轮抽赛中,牌手会随机分配到各个轮抽圈中(称为轮抽组)。每个轮抽组的人数由主审所斟酌,应大略相同。之后,比赛工作人员将同样组合的补充包发放给各轮抽组的每位牌手。

Players within a pod may play only against other players within that pod. In Regular Rules Enforcement Level tournaments, the Tournament Organizer may elect to lift this restriction. This must be announced before the tournament starts.
属于某个轮抽组的牌手只会在比赛中对上同属于该轮抽组的其他牌手。在「一般」级别的比赛中,比赛主办人可以选择取消此限制,不过必须在比赛开始前公告相关事宜。

MTR 7.7 Booster Draft Procedures 补充包轮抽程序

All players must open and draft the same type of booster at the same time. Players open their first booster pack and count the cards face down, removing token cards, rules cards, and any other non-game cards. Players who receive an erroneous number of cards at any time must immediately notify a judge. After picking up the booster, players should remove and keep any non-foil Plains, Island, Swamp, Mountain, or Forest basic land cards and/or any other cards that are not legal to use in the draft, unless the basic land slot in a booster can also contain other draftable cards (such as non-basic lands and checklist cards in the land slot in the Core 2019 expansion). Foil basic land cards should be left in the booster and drafted with the other cards. Players choose one card from their current booster pack and then pass the remaining cards face down to the player on their left until all cards are drafted. Once a player has removed a card from the pack and put it on top of their single, front face-down drafted pile, it is considered selected and may not be returned to the pack.
所有牌手必须在同一时间打开相同种类的补充包进行轮抽。牌手打开各自的第一包补充包,以牌面向下的方式数补充包内的牌,并将补充包内有的衍生物牌、规则叙述牌,以及其他与游戏无关的牌拿出。如果牌手在任意时刻发现自己手中的补充包内牌的数量有误,必须立刻告知裁判。在打开补充包之后,牌手须先将所有不属于闪卡的平原/Plains、海岛/Island、沼泽/Swamp、山脉/Mountain或树林/Forests基本地牌和/或不能用于本次轮抽的其他牌张移除并保留,但可能会在基本地牌位置出现其他可轮抽牌张的补充包除外(例如2019核心系列衍生系列基本地位置的非基本地牌和列表牌)。属于闪卡的基本地牌应当留在补充包中,如普通牌一般进行轮抽。牌手从当前的补充包中选择一张牌,之后将剩余的牌以面向下的方式传给左边的牌手,直到所有牌都已被抽走。一旦牌手从补充包中把牌拿出,放到自己单独的、牌面朝下的已选牌堆之中,便视为该牌手已选择该牌,不得再放回到补充包中。

Players may not reveal the front face of their card selections or the contents of their current packs to other participants in the draft and must make a reasonable effort to keep that information from the sight of other players. Players are not permitted to reveal hidden information of any kind to other participants in the draft regarding their own picks or what they want others to pick. (Exception: This does not apply to double-faced cards, both faces of which may be revealed at any time during a draft.)
在轮抽过程中,牌手不得向其他参赛者展示自己所选牌的正面,或是自己当前补充包的内容,同时牌手也应当尽力使自己的该些信息不被其他牌手看到。牌手不得向轮抽中的其他参赛者展示非公开信息,以表示自己选了哪些牌,或是要别人选什么牌。(例外:双面牌不适用于此规定,在轮抽过程中牌手可以随时展示双面牌的任一面。)

Players and teams may not look at their drafted cards between or during picks at Competitive and Professional Rules Enforcement Levels. At Regular Rules Enforcement Level, players are allowed to review their drafted cards between or during picks as long as they are holding no other cards at the same time. The Head Judge may choose to disallow this provided he or she announces it before the first draft. Between boosters there is a review period in which players may review their picks.
在「竞争」和「专业」级别的比赛中,牌手和团队不得在两次抽牌之间检视自己已抽到的牌。在「一般」级别的比赛中,只要牌手没有出现有补充包等待他来选择的情况下,便可以在两次抽牌之间或是进行选择的时候检视自己所抓到的牌。主审可以选择禁止此行为,但须在进行第一场轮抽前公告相关事宜。在两包补充包之间有检视时间,牌手可以在这段时间内检视自己所抽到的牌。

If the draft is not being timed, and two players do not wish to make a pick before the other player, the player closer to providing the other player with the pack picks first. If the players are equidistant, then the player in the lower seat number picks first.
若轮抽并未计时,且有两位牌手均不愿在对方之前作出抽牌的决定,则由在传递方向上较为靠近对方的牌手先作出抽牌决定。若两位牌手之间距离相等,则由座号较小的牌手先作出抽牌决定。

After the first pack is drafted and the review period completed, players open the next pack and draft in the same fashion, except that the direction of drafting is reversed—it now proceeds to the right. This process is repeated, reversing the direction of drafting for each booster pack until all cards in all booster packs are drafted.
在第一包补充包轮抽完毕,检视时间结束之后,所有牌手打开下一包补充包,并以相同的方式进行轮抽,不过轮抽的方向要逆转~现在将补充包向右边传。重复此过程,每开一包新的补充包就逆转一次轮抽方向,直到所有补充包中的所有牌都轮抽完毕为止。

If a player is unable or unwilling to continue drafting, but wishes to remain in the tournament, he or she is suspended from drafting and must construct a deck from whatever cards he or she has drafted thus far. For the remainder of the draft, their picks are skipped and the draft continues with one fewer player.
如果有牌手无法或不愿继续进行轮抽但仍希望能继续参加比赛,则他会自本次轮抽过程中停权,且必须从自己已轮抽到的牌当中构组出一副套牌。在当前补充包轮抽剩下的过程,会略过该牌手的抽选,轮抽以少一位牌手的状况继续。